Maryland Positive Behavior Support Training
Gathering Information From the FBA
What happens before a behavior
What the person says or does
What happens right after a behavior
Roommate was talking to a friend at the kitchen table
Andy began making loud noises
Roommate stopped talking to friend and told Andy to stop
Andy was alone in the living room while staff and others are talking
Andy threw a can of soup across the kitchen
Everyone immediately tells Andy that throwing cans can hurt people
Andy's roommate and friend are playing video game together
Andy stands in front of the monitor in the living room blocking view
Andy's roommate tries to push Andy out of the way
Adapted From: Freeman, R., Matthews, K., Griggs, P. & Quick, S. (2013). Functional behavioral assessment [Online]. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas.
Andy was interviewed by one of his favorite staff to help complete the FBA. Andy said he didn’t always know what to do when he wanted to reach out to other people. During an initial interview Andy’s roommate shared that Andy is often “disruptive” mostly in the afternoon after work. To learn more about the challenges occurring, the staff started using an ABC chart to record observations.
The ABC chart is used in FBA to learn more about the consequences that are maintaining a behavior. Observing the consequences that follow a challenging behavior helps the team understand the function that is maintaining it.
You can see an example from ABC data in the visual on this page.
- A = Antecedent - What happens right before an event
- B= Behavior - The challenging behavior that has been defined
- C= Consequences - Events or responses that immediately follow a challenging behavior
Try writing an operational definition of Andy's behavior:
- Write an operational definition of Andy’s behavior now that you have some brief examples
- List the times where challenging behaviors are more likely and less likely from both the scatter plot and the ABC chart.