TIES Inclusive Education Roadmap

Introduction to the Inclusive Education Roadmap (IER) and Action Plan

Inclusive Education for Each and Every Student

A list of 6 thought bubbles that indicate questions people might ask about inclusive education for each and every student:

  • bubble 1: what does an inclusive education system look like?
  • bubble 2: how do we move forward?
  • bubble 3: why build an inclusive education system for all students?
  • bubble 4: how will we know if we are successful?
  • bubble 5: how do we start?
  • bubble 6: how can we sustain our system?

Building a sustainable Inclusive Education System for each and every student often begins with a series of questions. Why should we include each and every student, including those with significant cognitive disabilities? What does our system or team need to know and to be able to do to create inclusive school communities? How do we create and sustain inclusive school communities? The TIES Inclusive Education Roadmap (IER) is a process to support your team or system to address each of these pivotal questions and create the change you want to see in your school, district, and/or state.

The Whys of Inclusive Education

 Creating a clear vision and mission for inclusive education is essential to providing clarity and focus for the change you want to make in your school, district, and/or state. Communicating your “whys” is a key component of this process and will create positive energy and increased stakeholder buy-in for the process of systems change. Inclusive education is an equity and social justice issue. All students, including those with significant cognitive disabilities, have the right to attend the same school they would attend if they did not have a disability, to experience a welcoming school environment, to be a valued member of the school community, and to learn alongside their same age/grade peers. Additionally, inclusive education is an evidence-based best practice for each and every student with disabilities, resulting in improved learning outcomes in academics and communication with others. 

The TIES Center is the National Technical Assistance Center for Inclusive Practices and Policies. The Center focuses on systems change for inclusive education with a special focus on the inclusion of students with significant cognitive disabilities. For more information and resources on the “whys” of inclusive education, check out the

The What and the How of Inclusive Education

 Engaging in systems change work to create inclusive school communities for each and every student is a complex process. However, research and experience tell us that in order to create inclusive opportunities for each and every student, especially students with significant cognitive disabilities, schools, districts, and states must take a systemic and structured approach to change using evidence-based educational and organizational practices. The long-standing and entrenched barriers to inclusive education for students with significant cognitive disabilities exist within systems, not students, and those system issues must be addressed to create sustained change in educational practices and policy. The process presented in the Inclusive Education Roadmap is based on the principles of Implementation Science; takes multiple years to fully implement based on an organization’s action plans, and will be most successful if used in its entirety.