Positive Approaches to Challenging Behavior

Linking the Hypothesis to Brainstorming New Interventions

The child or adult and members of the team use the hypothesis statement to brainstorm ideas for the PBS plan. Once the hypothesis is confirmed using direct observation and other FBA evidence, a brainstorming meeting is scheduled. At this meeting, the hypothesis is written on flip chart paper or may be shown using a computer and visual monitor projected at the wall. The steps involved in brainstorming include the following steps:

  • Designate a facilitator for the meeting
  • Make sure the team has been introduced to the brainstorming process
  • Decide together what type of communication response can replace a challenging behavior
  • The new replacement skill chosen meets the cultural values and preferences of the child or adult as well as the people who are involved in the plan
  • Ten minutes are set aside to brainstorm intervention ideas for each area of the hypothesis statement
  • All the ideas that come up in brainstorming are listed
  • Once the brainstorming is over, the team reviews the ideas and selects 1-2 interventions from each of the columns (setting event, antecedent, teaching new skills, consequence)

When selecting possible interventions, consider what strategies are a good fit for the people who will be implementing them. The team needs to think about the following questions:

  • Do the interventions fit the cultural values and preferences of the child or adult as well as those providing support?
  • Are there enough resources available to implement the selected interventions?
  • How much effort does it take to implement the PBS plan and do the people responsible for implementing it believe the interventions are not too difficult?

The questions help make sure the PBS plan is a good contextual fit for the child or adult and other team members involved.

Brainstorming tool, blank version.

The team brainstormed the ideas for Andy's PBS plan. Review each section to see what Andy and his team decided to use in the PBS plan.

Brainstorming tool filled out with an example.

Here is a brainstorming tool called the Behavior Support Plan: Competing Behavior Pathway