Employment and Community First CHOICES Workforce QuILTSS Initiative Survey 2019: Year Two Report
2019 Direct Support Workforce State Overview
4% of services are provided in the East region, 4% in the Middle region, and 92% in the West region. Services from 22 organizations are provided in 1,746 service sites, including 69% family or individual homes, 16% agency or facility sites, 13% job sites, and 2% other sites. 3,642 people received services, and 5,544 DSPs, 593 FLSs, 411 managers, 436 administrative, and 325 other employees than those previously listed were employed.
Of the 5,544 direct support professionals (DSPs) employed in 21 organizations, 5% were on call or temporary employees, 12% were not distinguished between full-time or part-time, 25% were part-time, and 58% were full-time. 36% of DSPs in 16 organizations worked across more than one service type. Service types may include ECF Choices, DIDD Waiver, Vocational Rehabilitation, and CHOICES (Non-ECF Choices).
The overall vacancy rate for DSPs in 21 organizations was 13%. 17% of part-time positions and 12% of full-time positions were vacant.
Overall, there was 56% annual DSP turnover in 21 organizations reporting. Of those DSPs who left their positions in 2019, 60% left within 0-6 months of hire, and 30% left within 6-12 months of hire. The top three reasons for DSP departure were: 63% “found another job at another company,” 56% “no call/no show,” and 44% “was terminated/fired.”
20 organizations reported wage data. The average hourly starting DSP wage was $9.25, the average hourly DSP wage was $9.85, and the highest DSP wage was $12.34. 15% of organizations paid DSPs different wages across service types.
On average, 24% of DSPs in an organization were enrolled in health care plans. For full-time DSPs, 43% of organizations offered paid time off, 25% offered sick leave, 25% offered paid vacation, and 86% offered health insurance. For part-time DSPs, 29% of organizations offered paid time off, 0% offered sick leave, 0% offered paid vacation, and 36% offered health insurance. Organizations that were unable to distinguish between part- and full-time DSPs answered for “all DSPs.” For all DSPs, 43% of organizations offered paid time off, 0% offered sick leave, 25% offered paid vacation, and 100% offered health insurance.
A total of 70,810 hours of overtime were paid out to DSPs in the last 30 days.
The average starting frontline supervisor (FLS) annual salary was $31,623. The average FLS annual salary was $32,877. The highest FLS annual salary was $36,956.
There was 18% overall annual FLS turnover in 15 organizations reporting. Of those FLSs who left their positions in 2019, 26% of FLSs left within 0-6 months of hire, and 23% left within 6-12 months of hire.
The overall vacancy rate for FLSs in 14 organizations was 18%.