FY 2018 RISP Infographics

How many people with IDD live in large state-run IDD facilities?

Share this page

United States map with states colored to show the total number of people with IDD living in state-operated facilities of 16 or more people in 2018. Categories include none, 1 to 99, 100 to 499, 500 to 999, 1,000 to 1,999, and 2000 - 3,999.

The number of large state-run IDD facilities declined from 327 in 1977 to 115 in 2018. The number of people living in those settings declined from 154,638 to 17,557. In 1977 there was at least one large state-run IDD institution in every state. By 2018, 17 states had closed all their large state-run IDD facilities. Nine states had only 1 large state-run IDD facility remaining, most serving 100 or fewer people. However, Illinois, New Jersey, North Carolina, and Texas had 5 or more large state-run IDD facilities open on June 30, 2018  serving more than 1,000 people across those facilities.

For more information about RISP, contact: risp@umn.edu

Cite as: Residential Information Systems Project (year). [Page Name]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, RISP, Research and Training Center on Community Living, Institute on Community Integration. Retrieved from: https://risp.umn.edu).