- Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS)
Federal, state, local, and tribal governments develop and finance Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) to help ensure people across the lifespan can get long-term supports and services in their homes and communities instead of within institutional settings if that is their choice. These services help people live their lives as independently as possible. Examples of services include: medication management support, assistance in preparing meals and shopping in the community, or receiving access to evidence-based practices that help people achieve the highest quality of life possible.
- Level 2 Change
Requires a director, CEO, or other leader because the changes that are made address policies or procedures within an organization or require allocation of resources. Level 2 changes are used to change how responsive organizations are to supporting person-centered practices.
- Person-Centered Practice
There are three ways to think about being person-centered.
- Person-Centered Strategies that everyone can use to help people learn about what brings joy to someone and makes life worth living. These tools are also used to find out what is important to a person as well as understanding their needs for health, safety, and well-being.
- Person-Centered Planning is a process that is used to create a plan for a positive and meaningful life for someone by building on his or her interests and strengths. There are different methods that can be used to help a person create their dreams for a better future.
- Person-Centered Organization Changes address how services and supports are planned and delivered. Changes that are made include fixing policies, adding ongoing opportunities for learning, and building community supports. Services for people across the lifespan are changed in ways that improve quality of life outcomes.
- Positive Support Practices
The term Positive Support refers to practices that are: a) person-centered, family-centered, student-centered, and community-centered, b) evidence-based with research studies that show how effective an approach is and who benefits from the practice; c) sensitive and respectful to the unique culture of each person involved; d) adapted and improved over time using data to guide use; and e) often implemented with more other practices within complex everyday settings.
- Quality of Life
This is a common term used to describe the standard of health and wellbeing as it is experienced by a person. Quality of life can be broken down into domains that are considered assessed as part of quality of life: emotional wellness, social interactions, work and employment, financial status, living environment, physical health, intellectual stimulation, and spiritual growth.
People who are asked to change the way they work in order to apply new practices are not always eager to change their everyday routines and patterns. The term resistance refers to situations where someone is not interested in changing their work habits or actively adopting a new set of tools and strategies.